E-government is increasingly being seen as the way for governments to improve their current services, providing and maintaining a technological environment for governance. Blockchain has the potential to make government operations more efficient by improving the delivery of public services and increasing trust in the public sector. Added transparency helps eliminate corruption and for example, make public tender processes more fair and efficient.

Other use cases can be found in improving data integration and integrity in the healthcare or education sectors, smart city projects, digital identity, e-voting and the tax system.
Several countries such as the USA, UK, China, UAE, Sweden and the Netherlands have announced initiatives to actively explore blockchain uses in the public sector.